Outer Eastern Martial Arts
Okinawan Goju Ryu Karate, Progressive Krav Maga & Reality Based Self Defence
   Home      Articles      Ritualised Combat

Ritualised Combat was termed by a police trainer by the name of Roland Ouellette. Basically, these "body language signs" are rituals that the human body will, in most cases, go through just prior, during, and after a physical confrontation (not so different from the animal kingdom). These signs are important, why? Because they are really good warning signals to let you know what your potential attacker may be contemplating, even though he may not be “verbally” communicating this fact to you. Ritualised Combative signs have been both scientifically and empirically researched in such fields as “Human Performance” and “Neuro Linguistic Psychology.” Here in Canada, I have used “Ritualised Combative Signs” successfully in the Courts during expert testimony in Self-Defence cases. I also possess hundreds of hours of videotape of actual street fights, and when reviewed both in real time and in slow motion, every one of the Ritualised Combative signs that I share in my articles and training, are seen prior, during, and after these fights. This is why I believe that all in the self-protection field should know about “Ritualised Combat”. So what are these signs?

Assault Not Imminent But Possible:
- Head, neck, shoulders go back (person making themselves look bigger)
- Face is red, twitching, jerking
- Lips pushed forward bearing teeth (you see the same things in dogs before attack)
- Breathing is fast and shallow (oxygenating the body preparing for fight, flight, hyper vigilance)
- Beads of sweat appear about the face/neck
- Thousand mile glare
- Exaggerated movements
- Finger pointing/ head pecking
- Totally ignores you
- Gives you excessive attention during normal conversation such as direct uninterrupted eye contact
- Goes from totally un-cooperative to totally cooperative ( people do not go from hot to cold they de-escalate over time)
- Acts stoned or drunk
- Directs anger towards other inanimate items such as tables, chairs, walls, etc. If you find yourself confronted by a subject presenting these signs, awareness/self protection strategies should go up, and distance should be created. Your body language should be assertive but not threatening and don’t be afraid to allow the person to vent verbally.

Assault Is Imminent:
- Face goes from red to white ( during a physical confrontation the blood will leave the surface of the body and pool to the big muscles and internal organs of the body needed for survival). In my job as a police officer I see this all the time and when I do one of two things are going to happen, the suspect is either going to fight or run.
- Lips tighten over teeth
- Breathing is fast and deep
- Change of stance, their body blades and shoulder drops
- Hands closed into a fist (not uncommon to see the whites of knuckles due to hands being so tight)
- Bobbing up and down or rocking back and forth on feet (this is the bodies way to hide/ mask the initial movement of a first strike)
- Target glace (here you will see your opponent look to where he is going to hit, or where he is going to run/escape)
- Putting head and chin down (body wants to protect the airway, this action does so to a degree)
- Eye brows brought forward into a frown( again the body wants to naturally protect the visual system, this action does so to a degree)
- Stops all movements/ freezes in place
- Dropping centre or lowering of body (no different that a cat or dog getting ready to pounce)
- Shedding clothes (very common, you will see your attacker take his hat, coat, shirt, or bag off just prior to the assault)
- One syllable replies (go from full sentences to one syllable replies….. reptilian brain is clicking in)In this group of signs, you have about 1-1.5 seconds to act before your attacker either attacks or runs. If walking and talking your way out is inappropriate or unreasonable, then I teach “First Strike” philosophy, and continue on with a compound attack until your attacker is no longer a risk. In both the Assault Not Imminent and Assault Imminent phases, I do teach my students (in some situations) to bring to the attention of the attacker what you are seeing because:1) The attacker may not know what they are doing. A lot of these signs are autonomic in nature, meaning they happen without conscious thought.

2) The bigger reason, I believe, is for this purpose; most attackers will only attack you when they believe that they have the element of surprise. By sharing with them what you see, you take this primary tactic away from them.

It's also important to remember that there are times when you should NOT let the person know what you are seeing, thus using the element of surprise to your advantage!If you have been able to de-escalate the situation you have found yourself in, non-verbally, verbally or physically, also look for these Ritualised Combat signs that are good indicators to let you know that your opponent is no longer thinking about fighting.
Signs Of Submission:
- Putting hands up in front of body with palms facing out…. (universal sign for stop, stay back)
- Face returns to normal skin tone and colour
- Shaking hand. (almost as if the person has Alzheimer’s disease…. This shaking can be slight to extreme ….. bodies natural way to burn out the adrenalin, nor-adrenalin, epinephrine that it dumped into the body for fight, flight, hypervigilance but was not used)
- Turning of back with their hands covering their head (ensure you can see their hands if not create distance NOW)
- Backing off
- Bowing of head and lowering of eyes
- Verbal tone, volume, rate, slows back to normal / full sentences once again
- Falling to the ground almost in a foetal position
- Grooming gestures (this one is weird but you will see it time and time again… person will adjust their clothing, play with their hair/moustache/beard, pick lint of their body….. you see this in cats and dogs after they fight, they then groom themselves.

In all of the above noted signs, don’t just look for one, but rather clusters of two or more. If you see one and know what to look for, you will see others guaranteed. As a police officer who has been involved in many physical encounters, I can share with you that “Ritualised Combat” is a tool that you can use to your advantage. Many of my students, who are not police officers, who have found themselves in ‘situations” have also echoed the tactical benefit of such knowledge.

One should also remember that a skilled attacker “may” be able to mask some of these signs, so never drop you guard and fall into a false sense of confidence!! Also remember that if the voice and body don’t match, always believe the body because the voice can LIE!! If your attacker is verbalising the fact that he doesn’t want to fight, but yet he is showing Ritualised Combative signs that show otherwise, he’s a LLPOF (liar, liar pants on fire).Some people who don’t know about Ritualised Combat, call it “gut instinct/intuition”. They are right!! The reason it is a “gut instinct/intuition” rather than a known empirical thing, is because no one has explained to them what “Ritualised Combat” is. What is happening in the “gut/ instinct” group, is that their “sub-conscious/reptilian brain” is picking up on these signs (rather than the conscious critical mind), thus turning on the warning bells. Some listen (the more experience), but most do not. Why can I say this? I am also a certified hypno-therapist and working towards my masters in Neuro Linguistic Psychology.

Darren Laur is a full time police officer with the Victoria Police Department Canada and the head instructor of Personal Protection Systems Inc. He has trained extensively in a variety of combat forms and specialises in reality based application and instruction.

For more information visit the Personal Protection Systems website here.