temple ground (name of a kata)
JION temple sound (name of a kata)
JITTE temple hand ten hands (name of a kata)
JIYU KUMITE free sparring
JO wooden staff about 4-5ft (1.2m - 1.5m)in length (the JO originated as a walking stick)
JO JUTSU (JO JITSU) short staff techniques
JOGAI exit from fighting area. The Referee points with his index finger at a 45 degree angle to the area boundary on the side of the offender.
JOGAI HANSOKU fourth and final exit from the fighting area. Fourth exit from the fighting area causes victory to the opponent.
JOGAI HANSOKU CHUI third exit from fighting area. Referee uses two hand signals with announcement AKA (or SHIRO) JOGAI HANSOKU CHUI. He first points with his index finger to the match boundary on the side of the offender, then to the offenders abdomen. An IPPON is awarded to the opponent.
JOGAI KEIKOKU second exit from fighting area. WAZA-ARI penalty is given to the opponent
JU softness or internal force, ten
JUJI GATAME Cross-body arm bar through legs and across hips
JUJI NAGE crossed arms throw. A throw executed when one's partner's arms are crossed at right angles.
JUN ZUKI Shito Ryu term for OI-ZUKI
JUNI NO KATA
basic kata (applied in Iembusen , contains twelve punches or blocks)
KACHI victorious (e.g., AKA KACHI) in a tournament
KAGI position of hands at side (one in carriage, other palm down above)
KAGI TSUKI (GAKE TSUKI) hook punch
KAI organisation, understand
KAIKO KEN crab shell fist, four knuckle strike
KAISHU open hand (refers to the type of blow which is delivered with the open palm, also used to describe other hand blows in which the fist is not fully clenched)
KAKATO GERI downward stamping kick using heel
KAKE-TE UKE hooking hand block
KAKIWAKE two handed block (using the outer surface of the wrist to neutralize a two handed attack, such as a grab)
KAKKAKU eight angles, used in kobujutsu
KAKUTO UCHI wrist joint strike (also known as KO UCHI)
KAKUTO UKE wrist joint block (also known as KO UKE)
KAMAE posture or stance either with or without a weapon KAMAE may also connote proper distance (Ma-ai) with respect to one's partner. Although KAMAE generally refers to a physical stance, there is an important parallel in Karate between ones physical and ones psychological bearing. Adopting a strong physical stance helps to promote the correlative adoption of a strong psychological attitude. It is important to try so far as possible to maintain a positive and strong mental bearing in Karate.
KAMAE-TE command given by the instructor for students to get into position
KANSETSU GERI downward knee-joint kick.
KANSETSU WAZA joint-locks and manipulation.
KAPPO techniques of resuscitating people who have succumbed to a shock to the nervous system
KARATE empty hand When karate was first introduced to Japan, it was called TO-DE, the meaning of which is Chinese hand.
KARATE-DO The Way of Karate. This implies not only the physical aspect of Karate, but also the mental and social aspects of Karate.
KARATEKA practitioner of karate
KATA form (or prescribed pattern of movement), shoulder
shoulder or lapel grab
KATACHI good form
KATAME WAZA Grappling techniques
KATATE SUKUI UKE one hand scooping block (palm down or to the side)
KEAGE snap kick (literally, kick upward)
KEIKO training (the only secret to success in karate), joined fingertips
KEIKO UCHI chicken-beak strike
KEIKOKU warning (with WAZA-ARI penalty in SANBON SHOBU) This is a penalty in which WAZA-ARI is added to the opponents score.
KEIKOKU is imposed for minor infractions for which a warning has previously been given in that bout, or for infractions not sufficiently serious enough to merit HANSOKU-CHUI. Referee points with his index finger to the feet of the offender at an angle of 45 degrees.
KEKOMI GERI thrust kick (literally, kick into/straight )
KEMPO fist law (generic term to describe fighting systems that uses the fist) in this regard, KARATE is also KEMPO)
KEN SASAE UKE fist augmenting block
KENSEI technique with silent KIAI (related to meditation)
KENTSUI hammer fist (also known as TETTSUI)
KENTSUI UCHI (or TETTSUI UCHI) hammer fist strike
KERI KOMI thrusting front kick
KI Mind. Spirit. Energy. Vital-force. Intention. (Chinese chi) The definitions presented here are very general. KI is one word that cannot be translated directly into any language.
KI-O-TSUKE attention. Musubi Dachi with open hands down both sides. Join spirits.
KIAI shout delivered for the purpose of focusing all of one's energy into a single movement (even when audible KIAI are absent, one should try to preserve the feeling of KIAI at certain crucial points within Karate techniques, manifestation of KI (simultaneous union of spirit and expression of physical strength)
KIBA DACHI horse-riding stance
KIHON something which is fundamental (basic techniques)
KIHON IDO moving technique
KIKEN renunciation. The Referee points one index finger towards the contestant.
KIME focus of power (focal point)
KIZAMI TSUKI jab punch. (also called Maete zuki)
KO BO ICHI concept of Attack-Defence connection
KO UCHI wrist joint strike (also known as KAKUTO UCHI.)
KO UKE crane block or arch block (same as KAKUTO UKE)
KOBUJUTSU ancient martial art, weapon arts
KOHAI student junior to oneself
KOKEN UKE deflection with the wrist (upward or across as in Tensho Kata)
KOKO UCHI tiger-mouth strike
KOKORO spirit, heart (in Japanese culture, the spirit dwells in the heart)
KOKUTSU DACHI stance which has most of the weight on the back foot (back stance)
KOKYU Power of breath and life force; the coordinationof ki flow and breathing.
KONBAN WA good evening or hello, when used as a greeting.
KONNICHI WA greeting used in morning and early afternoon
KOSA DACHI crossed-leg stance
KOSA DORI cross hand grab
KOSA UKE crossed-hand block
KOSHI hip (also ball of the foot)
KOSHOKUN name of a Chinese public official of the Ming Dynasty (name of a kata)
KOSHU GERI heel back rising kick
KOTE GAESHI throwing technique using outward turn of wrist
KOTE UCHI (ATE) forearm strike
KU JUDO An angle of 90 degrees, as in shiko dachi ku judo.
KUATSU method of resuscitating a person who has lost consciousness due to strangulation or shock.
KUMADE UCHI bear hand, open palm strike to ear (ear-drum breaker)
KURI UKE block with coiling form
KURURUNFA seventeen.holding your ground. (name of a kata)
KUSHO vital points of body
KUSSHIN springing (reflexive, darting out and in, kind of body shifting from any angle)
KYOGI application or interpretation
KYOGI KUMITE short explosive sequence of techniques demonstrating an application from the kata
KYOSHI knowledgeable person (usually this title is conferred at rokudan or shichidan level depending on the system)
KYU class or grade (any ra
nk below Shodan)
KYUJUDO (CHOKKAKU) at a 90 degree angle as in stepping shiko dachi kyujudo
KYUSHO JUTSU vital point or pressure point striking
pressure point techniques
MA-AI proper distancing or timing with respect to ones partner (since karate techniques always vary according to circumstances, it is important to understand how differences in initial position affect the timing and application of techniques.
MAAI GA TOH not proper distance
MAE ASHI GERI kicking with the front leg
MAE EMPI forward elbow strike
MAE GERI KEAGE front snap kick (also referred to as MAE KEAGE)
MAE GERI KEKOMI front thrusting kick (also referred to as MAE KEKOMI)
MAE SUNE UKE front deflection using the shin
MAE TOBI GERI front jumping kick
MAETE TSUKI front-hand punch
MAGE topknot, bun (hairstyle)
MAKOTO feeling of absolute sincerity and total frankness, which requires a pure mind, free from pressure of events.
MANABU learning by imitating (method of studying movement and techniques by following and imitating the instructor.
MATSUKAZE pine tree wind (name of a kata)
MAWASHI EMPI UCHI circular elbow strike (also referred to as MAWASHI HIJI ATE)
MAWASHI GERI roundhouse kick
MAWASHI HIJI ATE circular elbow strike (also referred to as MAWASHI EMPI UCHI)
MAWASHI UKE roundhouse block
MAWASHI ZUKI roundhouse punch. (also called Furi tsuki)
MAWAT-TE command given by the instructor for students to turn around
MIENAI I could not see. A call by a judge to indicate that a given technique was not visible form his/her angle.
MIKAZUKI GERI crescent kick
MIZOOCHI solar plexus/pit of stomach
MOKUSHIN "the eye of the mind"
MODOTTE go back to your original position
MOKUSO meditation (practice often begins or ends with a brief period of meditation, the purpose of which is to clear ones mind and to develop cognitive equanimity. Perhaps more importantly, meditation is an opportunity to become aware of conditioned patterns of thought and behavior so that such patterns can be modified, eliminated or more efficiently put to use)
MOROTE TSUKI punch with both hands
MOTO DACHI basic stance (fighting stance)
MOTO NO ICHI original position. Contestants, Referee and Judge return to their respective standing lines.
MUBOBI warning for lack of regard for ones own safety. Referee points one index finger in the air at a 60 degree angle on the side of the offender.
MUDANSHA students without black-belt ranking
NAGASHI UKE soft deflecting block
NAGE a throw; the person who throws.
NAGE WAZA throwing techniques
NAHA-TE type of karate that developed around Naha city under Kanryo Higaonna, forerunner of Gojuryu Karate
NAIHANCHI DACHI inside tension stance
NAIHANCHIN inside the battlefield (name of a kata)
NAKADAKA IPPON KEN one nuckle fist using middle knuckle
NE WAZA ground fighting and submission techniques.
NEGAI SHIMUS I welcome you to train with me, or literally, I make a request. This is said to ones partner when initiating practice. (see onegai shimasu)
NEKO ASHI DACHI cat-foot stance
NIDAN UKE two level block
NIHON NUKITE two-finger spear hand
NIPAIPO twenty-eight steps (name of a kata)
NISEISHI twenty-four steps (name of a kata
OHAYO GOZAIMASU good morning
ONEGAI SHIMASU I welcome you to train with me, or literally, I make a request. This is said to ones partner when initiating practice
OSAE KOMI WAZA hold-down techniques
OSHIETE KUDASAI please teach me. (such as a polite way to get a game with an older better player at a Go club, or before keiko with a visiting high ranked sensei)
OSU (OOSS) I understand, yes, thank you, hello
OTOSHI EMPI UCHI elbow strike by dropping the elbow (also referred to as Otoshi Hiji Ate)
OTOSHI UKE downward block
OYO DOSA application of techniques
OYO WAZA applications interpreted from techniques in kata, implicated according to a given condition